International Women’s Day

Today 8th of March we are celebrating the women around us, the women everywhere. I don’t want to write something very sweet (because you probably know better than me). Thus I thought it would be interesting to celebrate some women in mathematics. Enjoy!

A. Maria Gaetana Agnesi – wrote the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus and was an honorary member of the faculty at the University of Bologna.

220px-Maria_Gaetana_Agnesi

B. Charlotte Barnum – the first woman to receive a PhD in mathematics from Yale University.

C. Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright –  With J. E. Littlewood she was the first to analyze a dynamical system with chaos. She also simplified Hermite’s elementary proof of the irrationality of π

Dame_Mary_Lucy_Cartwright

D. Baroness Ingrid Daubechies –  the first woman president of the International Mathematical Union (2011–2014). She is best known for her work with wavelets in image compression.

Autosave-File vom d-lab2/3 der AgfaPhoto GmbHE. Karin Erdmann – she specialized in the areas of algebra known as representation theory (especially modular representation theory) and homological algebra (especially Hochschild cohomology). She is a university lecturer at the Mathematical Institute at the University of Oxford where she has had 21 doctoral students and 29 descendants. She has published over 75 papers and her work has been cited over 500 times. She has an Erdős number of 3.

KarinErdmannF. Etta Zuber Falconer – was an educator and mathematician who was one of the first African-American women to receive a PhD in mathematics.

G. Marie-Sophie Germain – she gained education from books in her father’s library and from correspondence with famous mathematicians such as Lagrange, Legendre, and Gauss. One of the pioneers of elasticity theory, she won the grand prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her essay on the subject. Her work on Fermat’s Last Theorem provided a foundation for mathematicians exploring the subject for hundreds of years after. Because of prejudice against her gender, she was unable to make a career out of mathematics, but she worked independently throughout her life.

Germain

H. Margaret Heafield Hamilton – she was Director of the Software Engineering Division of the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, which developed on-board flight software for the Apollo space program. Hamilton’s work prevented an abort of the Apollo 11 moon landing.

220px-Margaret_Hamilton_1995 J. Nalini Joshi  – an Australian Laureate Fellow and Professor in the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of Sydney, she is the first woman in the School to hold either position.

Nalini_Joshi

K. Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya – was the first major Russian female mathematician, responsible for important original contributions to analysis, differential equations and mechanics, and the first woman appointed to a full professorship in Northern Europe. She was also one of the first women to work for a scientific journal as an editor.

Sofja_Wassiljewna_Kowalewskaja_1L. Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya – known for her work on partial differential equations (especially Hilbert’s 19th problem) and fluid dynamics. She provided the first rigorous proofs of the convergence of a finite difference method for the Navier-Stokes equations.

LadyshenskayaM. Chrystal Macmillan – the first female science graduate from the University of Edinburgh as well as that institution’s first female honours graduate in Mathematics. She was an activist for women’s right to vote, and for other women’s causes. She was the first woman to plead a case before the House of Lords, and was one of the founders of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.

MacMillan_Chrystal

N. Amalie Emmy Noether – known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, Norbert Wiener and others as the most important woman in the history of mathematics, she revolutionized the theories of rings, fields, and algebras.

NoetherP. Cheryl Elisabeth Praeger – Australian mathematician, she has published widely and has advised 20 PhD students (as of May 2008). She is currently a professor of mathematics at the University of Western Australia. She is best known for her works in group theory, algebraic graph theory and combinatorial designs. She has Erdős number 2.

Praeger_Peter_NeumannR. Mina Spiegel Rees – She was the first female President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1971) and head of the mathematics department of the Office of Naval Research of the United States.

Mina_ReesS. Mary Fairfax Somerville  She studied mathematics and astronomy, and was nominated to be jointly the first female member of the Royal Astronomical Society at the same time as Caroline Herschel.

Thomas_Phillips_-_Mary_Fairfax,_Mrs_William_Somerville,_1780_-_1872._Writer_on_science_-_Google_Art_ProjectT. Theano – is the name given to perhaps two Pythagorean philosophers. She has been called the pupil, daughter and wife of Pythagoras. Her place of birth and the identity of her father are just as uncertain, leading some authors to suggest that there was more than one person whose details have become merged (these are sometimes referred to as Theano I and Theano II). A few fragments and letters ascribed to her have survived which are of uncertain authorship.

W. Melanie Matchett Wood – is an American mathematician who became the first female American to make the U.S. International Mathematical Olympiad.

225px-Melanie_WoodY. Grace Chisholm Young – She was educated at Girton College, Cambridge, England and continued her studies at Göttingen University in Germany, where in 1895 she became the first woman to receive a doctorate in any field in that country. Her early writings were published under the name of her husband, William Henry Young, and they collaborated on mathematical work throughout their lives. For her work on calculus (1914–16), she was awarded the Gamble Prize.

Grace_Chisholm_YoungAll the information is from Wikipedia and you can check their List of Female Mathematicians. Hope you like my list and if you have any favorite female mathematicians let me know in the comment box bellow.

Have a beautiful spring and cherish the women close to you.

Thank you for your help and support.  Thank you for reading. You can find me on Facebook, Tumblr,  Google+,   Twitter  and  Instagram. Don’t forget that maths is everywhere! Enjoy the weekend! ^_^ 

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6 thoughts on “International Women’s Day

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  1. Maria Gaetana Agnesi intrigued me at an early age as a footnote in my pre-algebra textbook mentioned her and “the witch of Agnesi”, although not in enough detail that I knew what the shape was. It was somehow more intriguing for not knowing what it was exactly.

    Liked by 1 person

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